Phosphate determination in seawater: Toward an autonomous electrochemical method,
J. Jonca, V.L. Fernandez, D. Thouron, A. Paulmier, M. Graco, and Garçon V.C.
Talanta, 87, 161 - 167, doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2011.09.056
Initial steps to create an autonomous in situ electrochemical sensor for orthophosphate determination in seawater are presented. First, the optimal conditions to form the molybdophosphate complex in artificial seawater medium were determined by addition of sulphuric acid and sodium molybdate to the solution containing orthophosphate. Secondly, the anodic oxidation of molybdenum to form molybdate ions and protons was used to create the molybdophosphate complex without addition of any liquid reagents. The molybdophosphate complex is detectable by amperometry with an average precision of 2.2% for the concentration range found in the open ocean and the detection limit is 0.12 μM.
Three solutions are proposed to address the silicate interferences issue and one of these methods is used for the natural samples collected in the coastal waters offshore Peru during the Pelagico 1011-12-BIC OLAYA cruise in November–December 2010. Results showed a good precision with an average of 2.5% and a reasonable deviation of the amperometric analysis as compared with colorimetric measurements (4.9%).