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Publications (Peer-review and others):

Link to ORCID (all publications with DOI and URL links)

Submitted, in revision

Accepted, in press


  • Germineaud, C., S. Cravatte, J. Sprintall, M. Alberty, M. Grenier, and A. Ganachaud, Deep Pacific Circulation: new insights on pathways through the Solomon Sea, accepted for publication in Deep Sea Research
  • Gasparin, F., S. Cravatte, E. Greiner, C. Perruche, M. Hamon, S. VanGennip, J. M. Lellouche,  Excessive productivity and heat content in tropical Pacific analyses: Disentangling the effects of in situ and altimetry assimilation, Ocean Modelling, Volume 160, 2021, 101768, ISSN 1463-5003,
  • Cravatte, S. G. Serazin, T. Penduff and C. Menkes, Imprint of chaotic ocean variability on transports in the Southwest Pacific at interannual timescales, accepted for publication in Ocean Science. Discussion:;
  • Delpech, A., C. Menesguen, Y. Morel, L. Thomas, F. Marin, S. Cravatte and S. Legentil, Intra-annual barotropic Rossby waves destabilization as a potential driver of Extra-Equatorial Jets, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 51(2), 365-384.DOI:



  •  Assene, F., Y. Morel, et al., From mixing to the basin-scale circulation: how the inverse cascade is involved in the formation of the subsurface currents in the equatorial Atlantic (2020), Fluids,  doi:10.3390/fluids5030147 (special issue on submesoscale processes)
  • Behrens, M., K. Pahnke, S. Cravatte, F. Marin and C. Jeandel (2020), Trace element sources and fluxes in the near-surface zonal current system of the Tropical Western Pacific: evidence from combined rare earth element distributions and physical oceanographic observations,  Earth and Planetary Science Letters 549 (2020) 116496,
  • Serazin, G., F. Marin, L. Gourdeau, S. Cravatte, R. Morrow and M.-L. Dabat, Scale-dependent analysis of in-situ observations in the mesoscale to submesoscale range around New Caledonia,  Ocean Sciences,
  • Hu, D., F. Wang, J. Sprintall, L. Wu, S. Riser, S. Cravatte, A. Gordon, L. Zhang, D. Chen, H. Zhou, K. Ando, J. Wang, J.-H. Lee, S. Hu, J. Wang, D. Zhangn J. Feng, L. Liu, C. Villanoy, C. Kaluwin, T. Qu, Y. Ma, Review on observational studies of western tropical Pacific Ocean Circulation and Climate, JOL, DOI:10.1007/s00343-020-0240-1
  • Greiner, E., N. Verbrugge, S. Cravatte, A. Valcarcel and B. Tranchant, Barrier Layer Thickness in the Pacific Ocean, chapter in "Copernicus Marine Service Ocean State Report", by Van Schuckmann et al., Issue 4, Journal of Operational Oceanography, 13:sup1, S1-S172, DOI: 10.1080/1755876X.2020.1785097
  • Delpech, A., S. Cravatte, F. Marin, C. Menesguen, Y. Morel, Deep Eddy Kinetic Energy in the Tropical Pacific from Lagrangian floats, accepted for publication in JGR Oceans, 125,
  • Receveur, A. et al, Micronekton distribution in the southwest Pacific (New Caledonia) from shipboard-ADCP backscatter data, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 2020, 103237, ISSN 0967-0637,
  • Sprintall, J., S. Cravatte, B. Dewitte, Y. Du, A. Sen Gupta, "ENSO Oceanic Teleconnections", chapter in "El Nino in a Changing Climate" AGU Book, in press.
  • Delpech, A., S. Cravatte, F. Marin, Y. Morel, E. Gronchi, and E. Kestenare, 2020: Observed Tracer Fields Structuration by Middepth Zonal Jets in the Tropical Pacific. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 50, 281–304,


    • Alberty, M., J. Sprintall, J. MacKinnon, G. Germineaud, S. Cravatte and A. Ganachaud, Moored Observations of Transport in the Solomon Sea, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans,124.
    • Kessler, W.S., S.E. Wijffels, S. Cravatte, N. Smith,  and Contributing Authors, 2019: Second Report of TPOS 2020 [Available online at]
    • Ardhuin, F., B. Chapron, C. Maes, R. Romeiser, C. Gommenginger, S. Cravatte, R. Morrow, C. Donlon, M. Bourassa, Satellite Doppler observations of the motions of the oceans, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 100, ES215–ES219,
    • Pham V., M. Grenier, S. Cravatte, S. Michael, S. Jacquet, M. Belhadj, Y. Dachez, C. Germineaud and C. jeandel, Dissolved Rare Earth Elements distribution in the Solomon Sea, Chemical Geology, 524, 11–36.
    • Smith, N, W. S. Kessler, S. Cravatte, J. Sprintall, S. E. Wijffels, M. F. Cronin, A. J. Sutton, Y. L. Serra, B. Dewitte, P. Strutton, K.L. Hill, A. Sen Gupta, X. Lin, K. Takahashi Guevara, D. Chen and S. L. Brunner, Tropical Pacific Observing System, OO’19 CWP, Front. Mar. Sci. 6:31.doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00031.[pdf]
    • Ardhuin, F, Brandt P, Gaultier L, Donlon C, Battaglia A, Boy F, Casal T, Chapron B, Collard F, Cravatte S, Delouis J-M, DeWitte E, Dibarboure G, Engen G, Johnsen H, Lique C, Lopez-Dekker P, Maes C, Martin A, Marié L, Menemenlis D, Nouguier F, Peureux C, Rampal P, Ressler G, Rio M-H, Rommen B, Shutler JD, Suess M, Tsamados M, Ubelmann C, van Sebille E, van der Vorst M and Stammer D (2019) SKIM, a Candidate Satellite Mission Exploring Global Ocean Currents and Waves. Front. Mar. Sci. 6:209. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00209
    • Todd, R. F.P. Chavez, S. Clayton, S. Cravatte, M. Goes, M. Graco, X. Lin, J. Sprintall, N. V. Zilberman, and contributing authors, Gobal Perspectives on Observing Ocean Boundary Current Systems, OO’19 CWP, endorsed for publication in Frontiers.
    • Palmer, M., P. Durack, M. Paz Chidichimo, John Church, Sophie Cravatte, Katy Hill, Johnny Johannessen, Johannes Karstensen, Tony Lee, David Legler, Matt Mazloff, Eitarou Oka, Sarah Purkey, Ben Rabe, Jean-Baptiste Sallée, Bernadette Sloyan, Sabrina Speich, Karina von Schuckmann, Josh Willis and Susan Wijffel, Adequacy of the ocean observation system for quantifying regional heat and freshwater storage and chang, accepted in Frontiers
    • Menesguen, C., A. Delpech, F. Marin, S. Cravatte, R. Schopp and Y. Morel, Observations and Mechanisms for the formation of Deep Equatorial and Tropical Circulation, Earth and Space Science. 2019.


    • Keppler, L., Cravatte, S., Chaigneau, A., Pegliasco, C., Gourdeau, L., & Singh, A. (2018). Observed characteristics and vertical structure of mesoscale eddies in the southwest tropical Pacific. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 123.
    • Ardhuin, F., et al.: Measuring currents, ice drift, and waves from space: the Sea Surface KInematics Multiscale monitoring (SKIM) concept, Ocean Sci. Discuss.,, accepted for publication.


    • Gourdeau, L., Verron, J., Chaigneau, A., Cravatte, S. and Kessler, W. (2017), Complementary Use of Glider Data, Altimetry, and Model for Exploring Mesoscale Eddies in the Tropical Pacific Solomon Sea. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans. Accepted Author Manuscript. doi:10.1002/2017JC013116
    •  Kiko, R., A. Biastoch, P. Brandt, S. Cravatte, et al., Physical focusing and disintegration of marine snowfall feeds deep equatorial carbon export, Nature Geoscience 10, 852858 (2017), doi:10.1038/ngeo3042. See also: Actualité in french
    • Cravatte, S., E. Kestenare, F. Marin, P. Dutrieux and E. Firing, Subthermocline and Intermediate Zonal Currents in the Tropical Pacific Ocean: paths and vertical structure, accepted for publication in JPO,    DATA AVAILABLE HERE: (
    • Alberty, M. S., J. Sprintall, J. MacKinnon, A. Ganachaud, S. Cravatte, G. Eldin, C. Germineaud, and A. Melet (2017), Spatial patterns of mixing in the Solomon Sea, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JC012666.
    •  Ganachaud, A., S. Cravatte, Sprintall J, Germineaud C, Alberty M, Jeandel C, et al.. The Solomon Sea: its circulation, chemistry, geochemistry and biology explored during two oceanographic cruises. Elem Sci Anth. 2017;5:33. DOI:




    • Cravatte, S, A. Ganachaud, B. Dewitte, F. Hernandez (2015) TPOS2020: TROPICAL PACIFIC OBSERVING SYSTEM FOR 2020, Newsletter #52: Special Issue jointly coordinated by Mercator Ocean and Coriolis focusing on Ocean Observation
    • Smith, N.R., A. Kumar, K. Takahashi, H. Hendon, S. Cravatte, D. Chen, T. Farrar, Cronin, K. Ando, W. Yu, and W.S. Kessler (2015): The Tropical Pacific Observing System 2020 Project: The role of research and innovation. CLIVAR Exchanges, 19(2), No. 67.
    • Bonnet, S., M. Rodier, K. A. Turk-Kubo, C. Germineaud, C. Menkes, A. Ganachaud, S. Cravatte, P. Raimbault, E. Campbell, F. Quéroué (2015), Contrasted geographical distribution of N2 fixation rates and nifH phylotypes in the Coral and Solomon Seas (southwestern Pacific) during austral winter conditions, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 29, 1874–1892, doi:10.1002/2015GB005117.
    • Cravatte, S., E. Kestenare, G. Eldin, A. Ganachaud, J. Lefevre, F. Marin, C. Menkes, and J. Aucan (2015), Regional circulation around New Caledonia from two decades of observations, Journal of Marine Systems, 148, 249-271.
    • Alory, G., T. Delcroix, P. Téchiné, D. Diverrès, D. Varillon, S. Cravatte, Y. Gouriou, J. Grelet, S. Jacquin, E. Kestenare, C. Maes, R. Morrow, J. Perrier, G. Reverdin, F. Roubaud (2015), The French contribution to the voluntary observing ships network of sea surface salinity, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, Volume 105, November 2015, Pages 1-18, ISSN 0967-0637,


    • Ganachaud, A., Cravatte, S., Melet, A., Schiller, A., Holbrook, N., Sloyan, B., Widlansky, M., Bowen, M., Verron, J., et al. (2014). Ocean circulation of the Southwest Pacific: new insights from the Southwest Pacific Ocean and Climate Experiment (SPICE). Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, « Western Pacific Ocean Circulation and Climate » spécial number.119(11), 7660-7686.
    • Roemmich, D., S. Cravatte, T. Delcroix, F. Gasparin, D. Hu, G.C. Johnson, W.S. Kessler, R. Lumpkin, G. Reverdin, J.  Sprintall, and S. Wijffels, 2014: White Paper #10 – In situ temperature, salinity, and velocity observations. Report of the Tropical Pacific Observing System 2020 Workshop (TPOS 2020), La Jolla, United States, 27-30 January 2014, GCOS report 184, vol. 2, 243-171.
    • Cravatte S., F. Marin and W. S. Kessler (2014), Zonal jets at 1000m in the tropics observed from Argo float’s drifts, Mercator-Coriolis Newsletter, Avril-Mai 2014.
    • Menkes, C. E., M. Lengaigne, J. Vialard, M. Puy, P. Marchesiello, S. Cravatte, and G. Cambon (2014), About the role of Westerly Wind Events in the possible development of an El Nino in 2014, Geophysical Research Letters, 41(18), 6476-6483.
    • Grenier, M., C. Jeandel and S. Cravatte (2014), From the subtropics to the Equator in the Southwest Pacific: continental material fluxes quantified using neodymium parameters along modeled thermocline water pathways, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119, 39483966, doi:10.1002/2013JC009670.
    • Delcroix T., M. H. Radenac, S. Cravatte, G. Alory, L. Gourdeau, F. Léger, A. Singh and D. Varillon (2014). Sea surface temperature and salinity seasonal changes in the western Solomon and Bismarck Seas. J. Geophys. Res., « Western Pacific Ocean Circulation and Climate » Special Number, 119, doi:10.1002/2013JC009733.


  • Kessler, W. S. and S. Cravatte (2013), ENSO and short term variability of the South Equatorial Current entering the Coral Sea, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 43, 956–969.
  • Kessler, W. S., and S. Cravatte (2013), Mean circulation of the Coral Sea, Journal of Geophysical Research. Oceans, 118(12), 6385-6410.
  • Brown, J., C. Maes, A. Sen Gupta, R. Matear, S. Cravatte, C. Langlais, and others workshop participants, Reinvigorating Research on the Western Pacific Warm Pool, CLIVAR Exchanges, 2013, 18 (63), p. 34-35. ISSN 1026-0471
  • Ceccarelli, et al., (2013) The Coral Sea: Physical Environment, Ecosystem Status and Biodiversity Assets In Michael Lesser, editor: Advances in Marine Biology, Vol. 66, AMB, UK: Academic Press, 2013, pp. 213-290.
  • Grenier, M., C. Jeandel , F. Lacan , D. Vance , C. Venchiarutti , A. Cros, and  S. Cravatte (2013), From the subtropics to the central equatorial Pacific Ocean: neodymium isotopic composition and rare earth element concentration variations, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 118, 592–618, doi:10.1029/2012JC008239.
  • Eldin Gérard, Ganachaud Alexandre, Cravatte S., Jeandel C. (2013) Pandora cruise provides an unprecetented description of the Solomon Sea. CLIVAR Exchanges, 2013, 18 (61; 1), p. 24-25. ISSN 1026-0471
  • Ganachaud Alexandre, Bowen M., Brassington G., Cai W., Cravatte S., Davis R., Gourdeau Lionel, Hasegawa T., Hill K., Holbrook N., Kessler W., Maes Christophe, Melet A., Qiu B., Ridgway K., Roemmich D., Schiller A., Send U., Sloyan B., Sprintall J., Steinberg C., Sutton P., Verron J., Widlansky M., Wiles P. (2013) Advances from the southwest Pacific Ocean circulation and climate experiment (SPICE). CLIVAR Exchanges, 2013, 18 (61; 1), p. 16-23. ISSN 1026-0471


  • Cravatte, S., W. S. Kessler, and F. Marin, 2012: Intermediate Zonal Jets in the Tropical Pacific Ocean Observed by Argo floats. Journal of Physical Oceanography,
  • Terray, L., L. Corre, S. Cravatte, T. Delcroix, G. Reverdin and A. Ribes, 2012: Near-surface salinity as Nature's rain gauge to detect human influence on the water cycle, Journal of Climate, 25, 958-977.
  • SPICE community, 2012. Naming a western boundary current from Australia to the Solomon Sea. CLIVAR Newsletter Exchanges 58, 28


  • Grenier, M., S. Cravatte, B. Blanke, C. Menkes, A. Koch-Larrouy, F. Durand, A. Melet, and C. Jeandel (2011), From the western boundary currents to the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent: Modeled pathways and water mass evolutions, Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 116.
  • Singh, A., T. Delcroix, and S. Cravatte (2011), Contrasting the flavors of El Niño-Southern Oscillation using sea surface salinity observations, J. Geophys. Res., 116, C06016, doi:10.1029/2010JC006862.
  • Delcroix, T., G. Alory, S. Cravatte, T. Correge, and M. J. McPhaden, 2011: A gridded sea surface salinity data set for the tropical Pacific with sample applications (1950-2008). Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers, 58, 38-48.
  • Cravatte, S., A. Ganachaud, Q.-P. Duong, W. Kessler, G. Eldin and P. Dutrieux (2011), Observed circulation in the Solomon Sea from SADCP data, Progress in Oceanography, 88(1-4), 116-130.


  • Izumo, T., Vialard, J., Lengaigne, M., Montegut, C.D., Behera, S.K., Luo, J.J., Cravatte, S., Masson, S., & Yamagata, T. (2010) Influence of the state of the Indian Ocean Dipole on the following year's El Nino. Nature Geoscience, 3, 168-172.
  • Marin, F., Kestenare, E., Delcroix, T., Durand, F., Cravatte, S., Eldin, G., & Bourdalle-Badie, R. (2010) Annual Reversal of the Equatorial Intermediate Current in the Pacific: Observations and Model Diagnostics. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 40, 915-933.


  • Cravatte, S., C. Menkes (2009), Sensitivity of mixed layer heat budgets to wind forcing: A Case study for the Equatorial Pacific Cold Tongue, Ocean Modell. doi:10.1016/ j.ocemod.2009.04.005 .
  • Cravatte, S., T. Delcroix, D. Zhang, M. McPhaden and J. Leloup (2009), Observed Freshening of the Warming Western Tropical Pacific and extension of the Warm/Fresh Pool in recent decades, Climate Dynamics, doi : 10.1007/s00382-009-0526-7
  • Delcroix, T., et S. Cravatte (2009), Le changement climatique: une réalité pour l'outre-mer français. La Météorologie, vol. 65, 33-38.


  • Ganachaud, A., W. Kessler, G. Brassington, C.R. Mechoso, S. Wijffels, K. Ridgway, W. Cai, N. Holbrook, P. Sutton, M. Bowen, B. Qiu, A. Timmermann, D. Roemmich, J. Sprintall, D. Neelin, B. Lintner, H. Diamond, S. Cravatte, L. Gourdeau, P. Eastwood, and T. Aung (2008): The Southwest Pacific Ocean Circulation and Climate Experiment: a new CLIVAR programme. CLIVAR Exchanges newsletter no 47, 13, 3-6 (

  • Ganachaud, A., G. Brassington, W. Kessler, C.R. Mechoso, S. Wijffels, K. Ridgway, W. Cai, N. Holbrook, P. Sutton, M. Bowen, B. Qiu, A. Timmermann, D. Roemmich, J. Sprintall, D. Neelin, B. Lintner, H. Diamond, S. Cravatte, L. Gourdeau, P. Eastwood, and T. Aung (2008): Southwest Pacific Ocean Circulation and Climate Experiment—Part II. Implementation plan. International CLIVAR Project Office, CLIVAR Publication Series No. 133, NOAA OAR Special Report, 36 pp.


  • Delcroix, T., S. Cravatte, and M. McPhaden (2007) Decadal variations and trends in tropical Pacific sea surface salinity since 1970. J. Geophys. Res., 112, C03012, doi:10.1029/2006JC003801.
  • Mignot, J., C. D. Montegut, A. Lazar, and S. Cravatte (2007), Control of salinity on the mixed layer depth in the world ocean Part II: Tropical areas, J. Geophys. Res., 112, C10010, doi:10.1029/2006JC003954.
  • Montegut, C. D., J. Mignot, A. Lazar, and S. Cravatte (2007), Control of salinity on the mixed layer depth in the world ocean. Part I: General description, Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 112, C06011 doi:10.1029/2006JC00395.3
  • Cravatte, S., G. Madec, T. Izumo, C. Menkes, and A. Bozec (2007), Progress in the 3-D circulation of the eastern equatorial Pacific in a climate ocean model, Ocean Modelling, 17(1), 28-48.

Previous publications

  • Alory, G. L., S. Cravatte, T. Izumo, and K. B. Rodgers (2005), Validation of a decadal OGCM simulation for the tropical Pacific, Ocean Modelling, 10(3-4), 272-282.
  • Cravatte, S., J. P. Boulanger, and J. Picaut (2004), Reflection of intraseasonal equatorial Rossby waves at the western boundary of the Pacific Ocean, Geophysical Research Letters, 31(10).
  • Boulanger, J. P., S. Cravatte, and C. Menkes (2003), Reflected and locally wind-forced interannual equatorial Kelvin waves in the western Pacific Ocean, J Geophys Res, 108(C10), 3311.
  • Cravatte, S., J. Picaut, and G. Eldin (2003), Second and first baroclinic Kelvin modes in the equatorial Pacific at intraseasonal timescales, Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 108(C8).

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