Aller au contenu. | Aller à la navigation

Laboratoire d’Etudes en Géophysique et Océanographie Spatiales

Outils personnels

This is SunRain Plone Theme


Vous êtes ici : Accueil / Members / Sophie Cravatte

Sophie Cravatte

Par Sophie Cravatte — Dernière modification 27/04/2017 10:34


Sophie Cravatte   


Researcher, physical oceanographer, IRD

    14 avenue Edouard Belin
    31400 Toulouse
    Email :






Background :

  •  2003 : Ph.D, université de Toulouse III
  • 1999 : DEA, université de Toulouse III (Master of Oceanography, Atmosphere, Biosphere)
  • 1995-1999: ENS Cachan, Fundamental Physics


Research Interests :

  • Observing and understanding the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon
  • Equatorial circulation
  • Decadal variations of the tropical Pacific Ocean, and low frequency modulation of ENSO
  • Oceanic Circulation in the South-Western tropical Pacific

Projects :


Workshop Solomon Sea, 2-3 May 2017


Main Cruises :

Publications (Peer-review and others):

Link to ORCID (all publications with DOI and URL links)

Submitted, in revision

    •  Ganachaud, A., S. Cravatte et al. Two oceanographic cruises explore the Solomon Sea circulation, 
chemistry, geochemistry and biology , accepted for publication in Elementa

    •  Kiko, R., A. Biastoch, P. Brandt, S. Cravatte, et al., Physical focusing and disintegration of marine snowfall feeds deep equatorial carbon export, in revision for Nature Geosciences.

    • Cravatte, S., E. Kestenare, F. Marin, P. Dutrieux and E. Firing, Subthermocline and Intermediate Zonal Currents in the Tropical Pacific Ocean: paths and vertical structure, in revision for JPO
    • Gourdeau, L., J. Verron, A. Chaigneau, S. Cravatte, W. Kessler, Complementary use of glider data, altimetry, and model for exploring mesoscale eddies in the tropical Pacific Solomon Sea, submitted for publication in JGR


    • Alberty, M. S., J. Sprintall, J. MacKinnon, A. Ganachaud, S. Cravatte, G. Eldin, C. Germineaud, and A. Melet (2017), Spatial patterns of mixing in the Solomon Sea, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JC012666.



    • Cravatte, S, A. Ganachaud, B. Dewitte, F. Hernandez (2015) TPOS2020: TROPICAL PACIFIC OBSERVING SYSTEM FOR 2020, Newsletter #52: Special Issue jointly coordinated by Mercator Ocean and Coriolis focusing on Ocean Observation
    • Smith, N.R., A. Kumar, K. Takahashi, H. Hendon, S. Cravatte, D. Chen, T. Farrar, Cronin, K. Ando, W. Yu, and W.S. Kessler (2015): The Tropical Pacific Observing System 2020 Project: The role of research and innovation. CLIVAR Exchanges, 19(2), No. 67.
    • Bonnet, S., M. Rodier, K. A. Turk-Kubo, C. Germineaud, C. Menkes, A. Ganachaud, S. Cravatte, P. Raimbault, E. Campbell, F. Quéroué (2015), Contrasted geographical distribution of N2 fixation rates and nifH phylotypes in the Coral and Solomon Seas (southwestern Pacific) during austral winter conditions, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 29, 1874–1892, doi:10.1002/2015GB005117.
    • Cravatte, S., E. Kestenare, G. Eldin, A. Ganachaud, J. Lefevre, F. Marin, C. Menkes, and J. Aucan (2015), Regional circulation around New Caledonia from two decades of observations, Journal of Marine Systems, 148, 249-271.
    • Alory, G., T. Delcroix, P. Téchiné, D. Diverrès, D. Varillon, S. Cravatte, Y. Gouriou, J. Grelet, S. Jacquin, E. Kestenare, C. Maes, R. Morrow, J. Perrier, G. Reverdin, F. Roubaud (2015), The French contribution to the voluntary observing ships network of sea surface salinity, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, Volume 105, November 2015, Pages 1-18, ISSN 0967-0637,


  • Ganachaud, A., Cravatte, S., Melet, A., Schiller, A., Holbrook, N., Sloyan, B., Widlansky, M., Bowen, M., Verron, J., et al. (2014). Ocean circulation of the Southwest Pacific: new insights from the Southwest Pacific Ocean and Climate Experiment (SPICE). Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, « Western Pacific Ocean Circulation and Climate » spécial number.119(11), 7660-7686.

  • Roemmich, D., S. Cravatte, T. Delcroix, F. Gasparin, D. Hu, G.C. Johnson, W.S. Kessler, R. Lumpkin, G. Reverdin, J.  Sprintall, and S. Wijffels, 2014: White Paper #10 – In situ temperature, salinity, and velocity observations. Report of the Tropical Pacific Observing System 2020 Workshop (TPOS 2020), La Jolla, United States, 27-30 January 2014, GCOS report 184, vol. 2, 243-171.

  • Cravatte S., F. Marin and W. S. Kessler (2014), Zonal jets at 1000m in the tropics observed from Argo float’s drifts, Mercator-Coriolis Newsletter, Avril-Mai 2014.

  • Menkes, C. E., M. Lengaigne, J. Vialard, M. Puy, P. Marchesiello, S. Cravatte, and G. Cambon (2014), About the role of Westerly Wind Events in the possible development of an El Nino in 2014, Geophysical Research Letters, 41(18), 6476-6483.

  • Grenier, M., C. Jeandel and S. Cravatte (2014), From the subtropics to the Equator in the Southwest Pacific: continental material fluxes quantified using neodymium parameters along modeled thermocline water pathways, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119, 39483966, doi:10.1002/2013JC009670.

  • Delcroix T., M. H. Radenac, S. Cravatte, G. Alory, L. Gourdeau, F. Léger, A. Singh and D. Varillon (2014). Sea surface temperature and salinity seasonal changes in the western Solomon and Bismarck Seas. J. Geophys. Res., « Western Pacific Ocean Circulation and Climate » Special Number, 119, doi:10.1002/2013JC009733.


  • Kessler, W. S. and S. Cravatte (2013), ENSO and short term variability of the South Equatorial Current entering the Coral Sea, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 43, 956–969.
  • Kessler, W. S., and S. Cravatte (2013), Mean circulation of the Coral Sea, Journal of Geophysical Research. Oceans, 118(12), 6385-6410.
  • Ceccarelli, et al., (2013) The Coral Sea: Physical Environment, Ecosystem Status and Biodiversity Assets In Michael Lesser, editor: Advances in Marine Biology, Vol. 66, AMB, UK: Academic Press, 2013, pp. 213-290.

  • Grenier, M., C. Jeandel , F. Lacan , D. Vance , C. Venchiarutti , A. Cros, and  S. Cravatte (2013), From the subtropics to the central equatorial Pacific Ocean: neodymium isotopic composition and rare earth element concentration variations, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 118, 592–618, doi:10.1029/2012JC008239.
  • Eldin Gérard, Ganachaud Alexandre, Cravatte S., Jeandel C. (2013) Pandora cruise provides an unprecetented description of the Solomon Sea. CLIVAR Exchanges, 2013, 18 (61; 1), p. 24-25. ISSN 1026-0471
  • Ganachaud Alexandre, Bowen M., Brassington G., Cai W., Cravatte S., Davis R., Gourdeau Lionel, Hasegawa T., Hill K., Holbrook N., Kessler W., Maes Christophe, Melet A., Qiu B., Ridgway K., Roemmich D., Schiller A., Send U., Sloyan B., Sprintall J., Steinberg C., Sutton P., Verron J., Widlansky M., Wiles P. (2013) Advances from the southwest Pacific Ocean circulation and climate experiment (SPICE). CLIVAR Exchanges, 2013, 18 (61; 1), p. 16-23. ISSN 1026-0471


  • Cravatte, S., W. S. Kessler, and F. Marin, 2012: Intermediate Zonal Jets in the Tropical Pacific Ocean Observed by Argo floats. Journal of Physical Oceanography,

  • Terray, L., L. Corre, S. Cravatte, T. Delcroix, G. Reverdin and A. Ribes, 2012: Near-surface salinity as Nature's rain gauge to detect human influence on the water cycle, Journal of Climate, 25, 958-977.
  • SPICE community, 2012. Naming a western boundary current from Australia to the Solomon Sea. CLIVAR Newsletter Exchanges 58, 28


  • Grenier, M., S. Cravatte, B. Blanke, C. Menkes, A. Koch-Larrouy, F. Durand, A. Melet, and C. Jeandel (2011), From the western boundary currents to the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent: Modeled pathways and water mass evolutions, Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 116.
  • Singh, A., T. Delcroix, and S. Cravatte (2011), Contrasting the flavors of El Niño-Southern Oscillation using sea surface salinity observations, J. Geophys. Res., 116, C06016, doi:10.1029/2010JC006862.
  • Delcroix, T., G. Alory, S. Cravatte, T. Correge, and M. J. McPhaden, 2011: A gridded sea surface salinity data set for the tropical Pacific with sample applications (1950-2008). Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers, 58, 38-48.
  • Cravatte, S., A. Ganachaud, Q.-P. Duong, W. Kessler, G. Eldin and P. Dutrieux (2011), Observed circulation in the Solomon Sea from SADCP data, Progress in Oceanography, 88(1-4), 116-130.


  • Izumo, T., Vialard, J., Lengaigne, M., Montegut, C.D., Behera, S.K., Luo, J.J., Cravatte, S., Masson, S., & Yamagata, T. (2010) Influence of the state of the Indian Ocean Dipole on the following year's El Nino. Nature Geoscience, 3, 168-172.
  • Marin, F., Kestenare, E., Delcroix, T., Durand, F., Cravatte, S., Eldin, G., & Bourdalle-Badie, R. (2010) Annual Reversal of the Equatorial Intermediate Current in the Pacific: Observations and Model Diagnostics. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 40, 915-933.


  • Cravatte, S., C. Menkes (2009), Sensitivity of mixed layer heat budgets to wind forcing: A Case study for the Equatorial Pacific Cold Tongue, Ocean Modell. doi:10.1016/ j.ocemod.2009.04.005 .
  • Cravatte, S., T. Delcroix, D. Zhang, M. McPhaden and J. Leloup (2009), Observed Freshening of the Warming Western Tropical Pacific and extension of the Warm/Fresh Pool in recent decades, Climate Dynamics, doi : 10.1007/s00382-009-0526-7
  • Delcroix, T., et S. Cravatte (2009), Le changement climatique: une réalité pour l'outre-mer français. La Météorologie, vol. 65, 33-38.


  • Ganachaud, A., W. Kessler, G. Brassington, C.R. Mechoso, S. Wijffels, K. Ridgway, W. Cai, N. Holbrook, P. Sutton, M. Bowen, B. Qiu, A. Timmermann, D. Roemmich, J. Sprintall, D. Neelin, B. Lintner, H. Diamond, S. Cravatte, L. Gourdeau, P. Eastwood, and T. Aung (2008): The Southwest Pacific Ocean Circulation and Climate Experiment: a new CLIVAR programme. CLIVAR Exchanges newsletter no 47, 13, 3-6 (

  • Ganachaud, A., G. Brassington, W. Kessler, C.R. Mechoso, S. Wijffels, K. Ridgway, W. Cai, N. Holbrook, P. Sutton, M. Bowen, B. Qiu, A. Timmermann, D. Roemmich, J. Sprintall, D. Neelin, B. Lintner, H. Diamond, S. Cravatte, L. Gourdeau, P. Eastwood, and T. Aung (2008): Southwest Pacific Ocean Circulation and Climate Experiment—Part II. Implementation plan. International CLIVAR Project Office, CLIVAR Publication Series No. 133, NOAA OAR Special Report, 36 pp.


  • Delcroix, T., S. Cravatte, and M. McPhaden (2007) Decadal variations and trends in tropical Pacific sea surface salinity since 1970. J. Geophys. Res., 112, C03012, doi:10.1029/2006JC003801.
  • Mignot, J., C. D. Montegut, A. Lazar, and S. Cravatte (2007), Control of salinity on the mixed layer depth in the world ocean Part II: Tropical areas, J. Geophys. Res., 112, C10010, doi:10.1029/2006JC003954.
  • Montegut, C. D., J. Mignot, A. Lazar, and S. Cravatte (2007), Control of salinity on the mixed layer depth in the world ocean. Part I: General description, Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 112, C06011 doi:10.1029/2006JC00395.3
  • Cravatte, S., G. Madec, T. Izumo, C. Menkes, and A. Bozec (2007), Progress in the 3-D circulation of the eastern equatorial Pacific in a climate ocean model, Ocean Modelling, 17(1), 28-48.

Previous publications

  • Alory, G. L., S. Cravatte, T. Izumo, and K. B. Rodgers (2005), Validation of a decadal OGCM simulation for the tropical Pacific, Ocean Modelling, 10(3-4), 272-282.
  • Cravatte, S., J. P. Boulanger, and J. Picaut (2004), Reflection of intraseasonal equatorial Rossby waves at the western boundary of the Pacific Ocean, Geophysical Research Letters, 31(10).
  • Boulanger, J. P., S. Cravatte, and C. Menkes (2003), Reflected and locally wind-forced interannual equatorial Kelvin waves in the western Pacific Ocean, J Geophys Res, 108(C10), 3311.
  • Cravatte, S., J. Picaut, and G. Eldin (2003), Second and first baroclinic Kelvin modes in the equatorial Pacific at intraseasonal timescales, Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 108(C8).

Actions sur le document