Silicate determination in sea water : toward a reagentless electrochemical method,
Lacombe M., Garçon V., Comtat M., Oriol L., Sudre J., Thouron D.,
Le Bris N. and Provost C.,
Marine Chemistry, 106, 489-497, 10.1016/j.marchem.2007.05.002.
Silicate has been determined in sea water by four different electrochemical methods based on the detection of the silicomolybdic complex formed in acidic media by the reaction between silicate and molybdenum salts. The first two methods are based on the addition of molybdate and protons in a seawater sample in an electrochemical cell. Cyclic voltammetry presents two reduction and two oxidation peaks giving four values of the concentration and therefore increasing the precision. Then chronoamperometry is performed on an electrode held at a constant potential. A semi-autonomous method has been developed based on the electrochemical anodic oxidation of molybdenum, the complexation of the oxidation product with silicate and the detection of the complex by cyclic voltammetry. This method is tested and compared with the classical colorimetric one during ANT XXIII/3 cruise across Drake Passage (January-February 2006). The detection limit is 1 µM and the deviation between both methods is less than 3% for concentrations higher than 10 Ã¬M. Finally a complete reagentless method with a precision of 2.6% is described based on the simultaneous formation of the molybdenum salt and protons in a divided electrochemical cell. This latter method should be very useful for developing a reagentless sensor suitable for long term in situ deployments on oceanic biogeochemical observatories.