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Par Bernard Bourles — Dernière modification 20/09/2012 17:15

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Bernard Bourlès

Directeur de Recherche, IRD

Adresse: Centre IRD de Bretagne, Technopole Pointe du Diable,

BP 70, 29280 PLOUZANE

Email : bernard.bourles@ird.fr
Téléphone : 02 98 22 45 01


Formation:

- Thèse de Doctorat de l'université PARIS VI (1990), Océanographie Physique.

- Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches de l’Université Paul Sabatier (2010).

 

Historique:

1990-1994: Centre ORSTOM de Cayenne (Guyane Française), programmes NOE, CITHER (WOCE)

1994-1995: NOAA/AOML (Miami, USA), programmes NOE, WESTRACS/STACS (WOCE)

1995-1997: Centre ORSTOM de Cayenne (Guyane Française), programmes ETAMBOT, SABORD (ECLAT/WOCE)

1997-2007: Centre ORSTOM, puis IRD, de Bretagne, programmes EQUALANT, EGEE/AMMA, PIRATA (CLIVAR)

1997-2012: Représentation IRD de Cotonou (Bénin), programmes PROPAO, ALOC-GG, PIRATA, Master 2 régional OPA.

2012-???: Centre IRD de Bretagne.

 

Expérience :

- Chercheur en Océanographie Physique à l'ORSTOM (puis IRD) depuis 02/1990.

- Spécialisation dans l'étude de la circulation équatoriale et tropicale de l'océan Atlantique (plus spécifiquement dans sa partie Ouest de 1990 à 1999 puis dans l'Est depuis 2000), notamment dans le cadre des programmes internationaux WOCE et CLIVAR.

- Campagnes océanographiques expérimentales dans le cadre des programmes NOE, STACS-WESTRAX, WOCE-France (CITHER), EQUALANT, PIRATA et EGEE/AMMA. Acquisition, traitement, validation et exploitation scientifique des mesures (CTDO2 et courantométriques - Pégasus, S-ADCP, L-ADCP-).

- Initiation et coordination du programme EGEE, volet océanographique du programme AMMA.

(voir: http://www.ifremer.fr/ird/actualites/EGEE-6.htm)

- Initiation et coordination d’un programme régional en océanographie physique en Afrique de l’Ouest (Propao), soutenu par le FSP-Ripiecsa (2007-2010), puis du programme ‘Analyses Littorales, Océaniques et Climatiques au nord du Golfe de Guinée ; JEAI (2011-2014) via l’AIRD.

- Responsable de PIRATA-France (Observatoire national : ORE, SOERE et SO).

(voir: http://www.ifremer.fr/ird/pirata/index_fr.php)

- Initiation et co-coordination d’un Master 2 d’océanographie physique en Afrique de l’Ouest (Bénin) créé en 2008

(voir http://spe.omp.obs-mip.fr/index.php/masters2/OPA) .

 

Encadrement et formation :

- 9 thèses et 28 stages Masters/Ingénieurs. Participation à 12 jurys de thèse.

- Dispense de cours d'océanographie physique (UBO, Université Cocody/RCI, Université Abomey Calavi/Bénin).


Publications (ordre chronologique):

Provost, C., B. Bourlès, S. Gana, F. Martel, and M. Suk : Modélisation inverse et variabilité altimétrique: application à une région de l'Atlantique central nord, In : Actes du colloque d'océanographie spatiale (Brest, 19-20/11/1985), Oceanologica Acta, 63-72, 1987.

Bourlès, B., S. Arnault, and C. Provost : On altimetric data assimilation experiments in a linear model of the Tropical Atlantic ocean, Oceanologica Acta, 15, 5, 1992.

Bourlès, B., S. Arnault, and C. Provost : Toward data assimilation experiments in a Tropical Atlantic model, J. Geophys. Res., 97, C12, 1992.

Colin, C., and B. Bourlès : Western boundary currents and transports off French Guiana as inferred from Pegasus observations, Oceanologica Acta, 17, 2, 1994.

Colin, C., B. Bourlès, R. Chuchla, and F. Dangu : Western boundary currents and transports off French Guiana as observed from moored current measurements, Oceanologica Acta, 17, 4, 1994.

Arhan, M., H. Mercier, B. Bourlès, and Y. Gouriou, Hydrographic sections across the Atlantic at 7°30N and 4°30S, Deep Sea Res., I 45, 829-872, 1998.

Andrié, C., J. F. Ternon, M. J. Messias, L. Memery, and B. Bourlès, Chlorofluoromethanes distributions in the deep equatorial Atlantic during January-March 1993, Deep Sea Res., I 45, 903-930, 1998.

Bourlès, B., R. L. Molinari, E. Johns, D. W. Wilson, and K. Leaman, A synoptic study of the upper layer circulation in the western tropical north Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res., 104, C1, 1361-1376, 1999.

Bourlès, B., Y. Gouriou, and R. Chuchla, On the circulation in the upper layer in the western equatorial Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res., 104, C9, 21,151-21,1706, 1999.

Gouriou, Y., B. Bourlès, H. Mercier, and R. Chuchla, Deep jets in the equatorial Atlantic ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 104, C9, 21,217-21,226, 1999.

Arnault, S., B. Bourlès, Y. Gouriou, and R. Chuchla, Intercomparison of the upper layer circulation of the western equatorial Atlantic ocean : in situ and satellite data, J. Geophys. Res., 104, C9, 21,171-21,194, 1999.

Andrié, C., J. F. Ternon, B. Bourlès, Y. Gouriou, and C. Oudot, Tracer distributions and deep circulation in the western tropical Atlantic during CITHER1 and ETAMBOT cruises (1993-1996), J. Geophys. Res., 104, C9, 21,195-21,215, 1999.

Pailler, K., B. Bourlès, and Y. Gouriou, The barrier layer in the western tropical Atlantic, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol.26, 14, 2069-2072, 1999.

Gouriou, Y., C. Andrié, B. Bourlès, S. Freudenthal, S. Arnault, A. Aman, G. Eldin, Y. DuPenhoat, F. Baurand, F. Gallois, et R. Chuchla, Deep circulation in the Equatorial Atlantic Ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 28 , No. 5 , 819-822, 2001.

Bourlès, B., M. D’Orgeville, G. Eldin, R. Chuchla, Y. Gouriou, Y. DuPenhoat, and S. Arnault, On the thermocline and subthermocline eastward currents evolution in the Eastern Equatorial Atlantic, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 29, No. 16, doi:10.1029/2002GL015098, 2002.

Bourlès, B., C. Andrié, Y. Gouriou, G. Eldin, Y. DuPenhoat, S. Freudenthal, B. Dewitte, F. Gallois, R. Chuchla, F. Baurand, A. Aman et G. Kouadio, The deep equatorial currents in the eastern Equatorial Atlantic Ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 30, No. 5, 8002, doi:10.1029/2002GL015095, 2003.

Molinari, R. L., S. Bauer, D. Snowden, G. C. Johnson, B. Bourlès, Y. Gouriou, and H. Mercier, A comparison of kinematic evidence for tropical cells in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, IAPSO special issue: Interhemispheric Water Exchange in the Atlantic Ocean, edited by G.J.Goni and P.Manalotte-Rizzoli, Elsevier Oceanography Series, 68, 269-286, 2003.

Andrié, C., Y. Gouriou, B. Bourlès, J.F. Ternon, E.S. Braga, P. Morin, and C. Oudot, Variability of AABW characteristics in the equatorial channel at 35°W, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 30, No. 5, doi:10.1029/2002GL015766, 2003.

Schott, F. A., M. Dengler, P. Brandt, K. Affler, J. Fischer, B. Bourlès, Y. Gouriou, R. L. Molinari, M. Rhein, The zonal currents and transports at 35°W in the tropical Atlantic, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 30, No. 7, doi:10.1029/2002GL016849, 2003.

Braga, E. S., C. Andrié, B. Bourlès, A. Vangriesheim, F. Baurand, and R. Chuchla, Congo River signature and deep circulation in the eastern Guinea Basin, Deep Sea Res. I, doi: 10.1016, 51 (8), 1057-1073, 2004.

Arnault, S., G. Eldin, B. Bourlès, Y. DuPenhoat, Y. Gouriou, A. Aman, R. Chuchla, F. Gallois, E. Kestenare, et F. Marin, In situ and satellite data in the tropical Atlantic ocean during the EQUALANT99 experiment, Int. J. Rem. Sens., 25 (7-8), 1291-1296, 2004.

Schmid C., B. Bourlès, and Y.Gouriou, Impact of the deep equatorial jets on the zonal transport in the Atlantic, Deep Sea Res., Part II, 52(3-4):409-428, 2005.

Silva, A.C., M.Araujo, C.Medeiros, M.Silva, and B.Bourlès, Analysis of the Amazonian water lenses along the North Brazilian Coast, Braz. J. Oceanogr., 53 (3/4), 88-98, 2005.

Silva, A.C., M.Araujo, and B.Bourlès, Variação Sazonal das estruturas de massas de água na plataforma continental do amazonas e área oceânica adjacente, Rev. Brasil. Geofis. (Braz. Geophys. Rev.), RBGf 23(2), 1-13, 2005.

Arhan, M., A.M. Tréguier, B. Bourlès, and S. Michel, Analysis of the structure and variability of the Equatorial UnderCurrent in the Atlantic Ocean, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 36, 1502-1522, 2006.

Brandt, P., F.A. Schott, C. Provost, A. Kartavtseff, V. Hormann, B.Bourlès, and J. Fischer: Circulation in the central equatorial Atlantic: Mean and intraseasonal to seasonal variability, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 33, No. 7, doi/10.1029/2005GL025498, 2006.

Measey, J., M. Vences, R.C. Drewes, Y.Chiari, M. Melo and B.Bourlès, Freshwater paths into the ocean: molecular phylogeni of the frog Ptychadena newtoni gives insights into amphibian colonisation of oceanic islands, J. of Biogeogr., 34-1, 7-20, 2007.

Bourlès, B., R. Lumpkin, M.J. McPhaden, F. Hernandez, P. Nobre, E. Campos, L.Yu, S. Planton, A.J. Busalacchi, A.D. Moura, J. Servain, and J. Trotte, The PIRATA program: history,  accomplishments and future directions, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society,  89(8), 1111-1125, doi/10.1175/2008BAMS2462.1, 2008.

Brandt, P., V. Hormann, B.Bourlès, J. Fischer, F.A. Schott, L. Stramma & M. Dengler,  Oxygen tongues and zonal currents in the equatorial Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res., 113, C04012, doi/10.1029/2007JC004435, 2008.

Janicot, S., C. D. Thorncroft, A. Ali, N. Asencio, G. Berry, O. Bock, B. Bourlès, G. Caniaux, F. Chauvin, A. Deme, L. Kergoat, J.-P. Lafore, C. Lavaysse, T. Lebel, B. Marticorena, F. Mounier, P. Nedelec, J.-L. Redelsperger, F. Ravegnani, C. E. Reeves, R. Roca, P. de Rosnay, H. Schlager, B. Sultan, M. Tomasini, A. Ulanovsky, and ACMAD forecasters team, Large-scale overview of the summer monsoon over West Africa during the AMMA field experiment in 2006, Annale Geophysicae, 26, 2569-2595, 2008.

Rouault, M., J.Servain, C.J.C.Reason, B.Bourlès, M.J. Rouault, and N.Fauchereau, Extension of PIRATA in the Tropical South East Atlantic: An initial One-Year Experiment, Afr. J. of Mar. Scien., 31-1, 63-71(9), 2009.

Silva, A.C., B.Bourlès, and M.Araujo, Circulation of the thermocline salinity maximum waters off the northern Brazil as inferred from in situ measurements and numerical model results, Annales Geophysicae, 27, 1861–1873, 2009

Bourras, D., A. Weill, G. Caniaux, L. Eymard, B. Bourlès, S. Letourneur, D. Legain, E. Key, F. Baudin, B. Piguet, O. Traullé, G. Bouhours, B. Sinardet, J. Barrié, J.P. Vinson, F. Boutet, and C. Berthod, and A. Clémençon, Turbulent Air-Sea Fluxes in the Gulf of Guinea during the AMMA Experiment, J. Geophys. Res.,114, C04014, doi:10.1029/2008JC004951, 2009.

Kolodziejczyk, N., B.Bourlès, F.Marin, J.Grelet & R.Chuchla, The seasonal variability of the Equatorial Undercurrent and the South Equatorial Undercurrent at 10°W
as inferred from recent in situ observations, J. Geophys. Res., 114, C06014, doi 10.1029/2008JC004976, 2009

Marin, F. G.Caniaux, B.Bourlès, H.Giordani, Y.Gouriou and E. Key, why were sea surface temperature so different in the eastern equatorial Atlantic in June 2005 and 2006?, J.Phys. Ocean., 39, 1416-1431, doi: 10.1175/2008JPO4030.1, 2009.

Reverdin, G., F. Marin, B.Bourlès and P. L’Herminier, XBT temperature errors during French research cruises (1999-2007). J. Atm. Oc. Tech.-Oceans, 26, 2462-2473, doi: 10.1175/2009JTECHO655.1, 2009

Athie, G., F. Marin, A-M. Treguier, B. Bourlès and C. Guiavarc’h, Sensitivity of near surface Tropical Instability Waves to sub-monthly wind forcing in the tropical Atlantic, Ocean Modelling, 30, 241-255, 2009.

Lebel, T., D.J. Parker, B. Bourlès, C. Flamant, B. Marticorena, C. Peugeot, A. Gaye, J. Haywood, E. Mougin, J. Polcher, J.L. Redelsperger, C.D. Thorncroft: The AMMA field campaign: multiscale and multidisciplinary observations in the West African region. Q.J.R.Meteorol.Soc,  doi 10.2002/qj.486, 2010

Rhein, M., M. Dengler, J. Sueltenfuss, R. Hummels, S. Huettl-Kabus, and B. Bourlès, Upwelling in the Equatorial Atlantic inferred from helium isotope disequilibrium, J. Geophys. Res., 115, C8, C08021, doi:10.1029/2009JC005772, 2010.

Ali, K.E., K.Y. Kouadio, G.P. Zahiri, A. Aman, A.P. Assamoi, and B. Bourlès, Influence of the Gulf of Guinea coastal and equatorial upwellings on the precipitations along its northern coasts during the boreal summer period, Asian Journal of Applied Sciences, 21836-AJAPS-KR, ISSN 1996-3343, doi 10.3923/ajaps, 2011.

Brandt, P., G. Caniaux, B.Bourlès, A.Lazar, M.Dengler, A.Funk, V.Hormann, H.Giordani and F.Marin, Equatorial upper-ocean dynamics and their interaction with the West African monsoon, Atmospheric Science Letters, 12 (1), p. 24-30. ISSN 1530-261X, 2011.

Danuor, S., A.Gaye, H.Yakouba, A.Mariko, M.I.Bouzou, M.Maiga, D.Da, K.Ginoux, D.J.Parker, J.Polcher, K.Laval, D.Diallo, and B.Bourlès, Education in meteorology and climate sciences in West Africa, Atmospheric Science Letters, 12 (1), p. 155-159. ISSN 1530-261X, 2011.

Lebel, T., D.J. Parker, B. Bourlès, C. Flamant, B. Marticorena, C. Peugeot, A. Gaye, J. Haywood, E. Mougin, J. Polcher, J.L. Redelsperger, C.D. Thorncroft The AMMA Field Campaigns: accomplishments and lessons learned, Atmospheric Science Letters, 12 (1), p. 123-128. ISSN 1530-261X, 2011

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